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Put each story in its own folder
This will help keep your stories separate. I recommend making a folder for story ideas, where you keep notes for future stories.
Here is an example where the writer is working on three stories:
Make sub-folders for drafts, reference material, etc.
As you write stories, you may want to save spreadsheets, reference material, older drafts etc. and you may want to make sub-folders for these items.
I recommend dividing longer works (novels) into chapters to make it easy to find things.
Use spreadsheets to keep information organized
Spreadsheets may seem intimidating, but they are just boxes that hold text or numbers. We’re not doing anything fancy; we just need to stay organized.
If you like to keep your notes on characters and scenes in a Document, that’s fine too, but you may find spreadsheets much quicker to work with.
Creating a character sheet
If you’re working on a novel, you most likely have many characters. Even if you only have a few, a spreadsheet can help you keep track of descriptions, motivations, backstories, etc. so that you don’t slip up and confuse the reader.
All the data on one page can also help you compare characters and avoid too many similar characters.
I recommend running the character names across the top, and putting a list of information that you want to track on the left (in Column A).
Create a scene sheet
A list of scenes, usually in chronological order, can help you immensely in organizing your work. You can keep track of timelines, locations, points-of-view (what character is narrating the scene), and which characters are present.
You can also keep track of scenes to see how long they are, or if they have the requisite story structure of Goal>Conflict>Result or Dilemma>Decision>New Goal. This can be useful for identifying weak scenes that lack important components of good scene structure.
I recommend one line per scene, with the information you want to track running horizontally.
Check out our Snowflake Method Spreadsheet which contains both of these spreadsheets, and other helpful ways to outline your novel.
SCENE SHEET: List of items to potentially include
These are the column headers for each scene, some of which are shown in the example image above.
Scene Name (for example, a chapter title or your scene’s title)
Scene Summary (one sentence description of what happens)
Time/Day (helps keep track of events)
Location (reminds you where this scene takes place)
Point of View (whose point of view is this scene written in?)
Scene or Sequel? (is this a scene, or is this a sequel to a scene)
Goal / Reaction (what is the goal for the scene, or if this is a sequel, what is the reaction to the Result at the end of the last scene)
Conflict / Dilemma (what is the conflict in the scene, or if this is a sequel, what is the dilemma the characters face)
Result / Decision (what is the result of the conflict, or if this is a sequel, what is the decision the characters make (which leads to a new goal))
Characters Present (which characters are in this scene? this is very helpful if you need to change something about a character later)
Significant point in a character arc? (If this scene is a significant moment in a character arc, why? Which character? You may want to create a character arc column for each character, to track their development through the scenes)
CHARACTER SHEET: list of items to potentially include
You can copy and paste this list into Column A of your spreadsheet.
Short description (basic looks, age, occupation, etc.)
Motivation (abstract) (e.g. Dantes wants escape, then revenge)
Goal(s) (specific) (e.g. Dantes wants to kill the men who falsely imprisoned him)
What’s at stake? (a good character shows strength of will against “death” stakes, including literal, psychological, familial, or professional death)
External conflicts (e.g. an antagonist, force of nature, etc.)
Internal conflicts (e.g. the “lie” they believe vs. the “truth” they learn)
Epiphany/Evolution (how do they change over time & learn their “truth”)
General notes (biggest box, for jotting down things as you use them in your story)
The above is all you REALLY need for your characters. If you want to get into the details, below are some suggestions for more traits. Please try not to waste your time determining character details that you never actually use in the story. Every minute you spend on superfluous outlining is a minute you’re not actually writing your story. You may find it easier to write down the essentials (above) and then as you actually use things in the story to add as details, jot them down in a “general notes” area (e.g. “has brown eyes”).
Backstory prior to this story
Storyline within this story
Epilogue after this story
Birthday / age
Place of birth
Cares about most in the world
Worst thing ever done and why
Does he have a secret
Most embarrassing thing that ever happened
Strongest/weakest character traits
People the character admires most
How is the character viewed by others
What people like best about him/her
What people dislike about him/her
What does this character like best about the other main character(s)
What does this character dislike about the other main character(s)
If s/he could do one thing and succeed at it, what would it be
Why will the reader sympathize with this character
Tattoos / piercings / scars / etc.
Right- or left-handed
What you notice first
How would character describe self
Interests and favorites
A great gift for this person
Favorite subject in school
Laughs or jeers at
Ways to cheer up this person
Ways to annoy this person
Hopes and dreams
Overall outlook on life
Does this character like him/herself
Wants to change anything about his/her life?
Is s/he lying to himself about something?
S/he is the kind of person who
How much self-control and self-discipline does he have